How Money Is Made | How Stuff Is Made | Refinery29


The American dream is a house, a car, and money. (upbeat music) Moolah, cash, dollars, dough. No matter what you call it, how you make it or how you feel about it, one in three Americans thinks more about money than any other topic on a given day. The word “money,” I associate with greed. And capitalism. Being broke, it’s just not in my DNA. Money makes me feel secure and insecure. We work our whole lives for a piece of paper. Having money’s not everything, not having it is. Money makes me happy, definitely. (intense music) Although only 8% of the world’s currency is actual physical money, nothing is quite as seductive as cold, hard cash. How money is made and created is an enigma. I haven’t figured that out. But I’ve wondered about it. (coin clanking) Paper money was first issued by the US government in 1861, as a way to pay for goods and services, related to Civil War costs. Though final currency designs are ultimately approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, The Bureau of Engraving and Printing is responsible for dreaming up the designs, manufactured elements, and printing of American paper money. (cash register dings) Designing a new note can take several years and multiple hands. Note designs always include imagery that upholds the strength of the American economy and incorporates the latest in anti-counterfeiting elements. They also feature a portrait of an important historical figure on the front, like this guy, Andrew Jackson, with a notable American monument or theme on the back. Who’s on the $100 bill, Drew? I can’t think, I can’t think. Who’s on it? (groans) It’s Andrew Jackson, I think. Probably Ben Franklin. Isn’t it Ben Franklin? That’s what rap music teaches me, I think. My boy, Benjamin Franklin, is in the $100 bill. It’s all about the Benjamins. (cash register dings) After a design is locked, an engraver, who must train for 12 to 15 years, recreates the designers drawings in steel by hand. The engraving is actually done backwards so that faces and words are legible once printed. Through a process called siderography, individual engraved elements are combined to form a complete face or back of a banknote. Each small detail plays a huge part in making the design not only beautiful, but also virtually impossible to copy. On the back of the $1 note is The Great Seal. Its imagery alludes to the 13 original colonies, including 13 stars above the eagle and 13 steps on the pyramid. (cash register dings) Once the master plate is completed, it’s washed with deionized water and soaked in a vibrant orange potassium bichromate solution that prevents the plate from rusting. Then the plate is placed into a tank, filled with a nickel salt solution for about 22 hours. During this time, an electrical current causes an identical nickel plate to grow on top of the plastic master. Science is crazy, right? This exact replica is then meticulously inspected by engravers for accuracy. If there are any mistakes, the entire process has to start over. The final printing plates are then coated with a thin layer of chrome. And are one tenth as thick as an average human hair. (upbeat music) (cash register dings) Contrary to popular belief, money isn’t actually made from paper but printed on a material made from 75% cotton and 25% linen. The special inks used for money have trackable magnetic and color shifting properties. Green was originally selected for US dollars as a deterrent for counterfeiters. Psychologically, it’s also a color associated with stability and growth. (cash register dings) (slow, hiphop music) After the 72 hour drying process, the freshly printed currency passes through a series of rigorous physical and mechanical inspections using state of the art computer and camera technology. (cash register dings) Then, the currency sheets are cut, packaged, and transferred to The Federal Reserve, who distributes the money to banks around the country. The Federal Reserve estimates that there are currently over 40 billion US notes in circulation with a value of 1.5 trillion. As these dollars are increasingly being earned by women, one question still lingers: why aren’t there more women on money? Oh my god. This is such a complicated answer. I think it is part of this American culture. They put woman a little bit, you know, behind. They could’ve had plenty of women on— that were worth enough—to get on the bill. But, you know, it’s a white man’s game. This world is a patriarchal society. And that needs to change. Though Martha Washington made a guest appearance on the $1 silver certificate, designs are currently in the works to feature more women on paper currency. Already slated for completion, are Harriet Tubman to be on the front of the $20 bill and Marian Anderson and Eleanor Roosevelt on the back of the $5 bill. These changes will begin rolling out in 2020, the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment, which gave women the right to vote. We think it’s about time, don’t you? Thanks for watching How Money Is Made. For more videos, click here. And to subscribe, click here.

100 thoughts on “How Money Is Made | How Stuff Is Made | Refinery29

  1. this video was great until they shoved right to my face with that women bullshit at the end.

    mentioning that women will soon be on the bills by 2020 is enough as this video had the logos format to inform the viewer, and then in the end, it turned into a selfish pathos video where the narrator even says “we”

    but i will be looked down upon because i’m a man. if a women said this, she would be called “dumb”

  2. What was that last part….. How the hell did woman get into this? It wouldn't effect my life but I'm asking an actual question here

  3. They could put women next to the founding fathers to symbolize unity because then everyone will forget our founding fathers then

  4. Why does everything that is mostly related to men immdeditely also have to be related to women? I mean there are men on these bill because they are important historical Figures why does that mean that there also have to be Bills with women on it?…

    You Made this great video and then you ruined it because of feminism. Femenism these days is about f*cking women being on paper Bills instead of doing something that actually helps women 🤣

  5. Don’t replace the dollars like dafuq I think the founding fathers should only get to be on the dollar bills it would be cool to have woman and people of color on bills but don’t replace the people already on the bills just have a new number like for example a $15 bill

  6. The reason women aren't on bills is because there were no women presidents, and those are the only people on money…damn people are ignorant

  7. Are you guys dumb? The reason they included the feminist part at the end is because they are talking about money, including new money that have women in it so it’s in money history now. Y’all are so triggered FOR WHAT LMAOOO WTF

  8. 5:05 there is a woman on the swedish 2dollar/20sek bill sheck it out if you dont belive me https://www.google.com/search?q=astrid+lindgren+på+svenska+sedlar&tbm=isch&ved=2ahUKEwj9tMCLnNTgAhUPuCoKHaF_CLQQ2-cCegQIABAC&oq=Astrid+Lindgren+på+svenska+seldar&gs_l=mobile-gws-wiz-img.1.0.30i10.101599.105627..107072…0.0..0.284.1310.9j1j2……0….1………35i39.AYzwSY5NthI&ei=snlyXP2TD4_wqgGh_6GgCw&bih=518&biw=360&client=ms-android-huawei&prmd=imnv

  9. I'd think that a lot of people on the bills are men because our country was founded upon men hints "Our founding father of America"

  10. Sis I came here to see how the fuck money is made and I see the comments of sexist ass people literally whining bc they want women on money. Sis y’all need to chill you tits and leave if you don’t like it

  11. Just keep the presidents on there there deserve it, its stupid yall are really still on that feminism shit

  12. The bills shouldn’t change, and if they do they need to add Braille. People are too controversial, I don’t know why we need a woman on the bills, I see why we should but do we really need it? We have coins with women on them but nobody seems to care. I don’t know I don’t look at a dollar and think “he’ll yeah it’s a mans world” if anything it’s a women’s world or a black mans world seeing that white men are being pushed aside for some superficial goal

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  14. Hmm… https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/threelly-ai-for-youtube/dfohlnjmjiipcppekkbhbabjbnikkibo

  15. It is very rare for me to enjoy a video, only to then turn it off in disgust and leave a dislike. Here's a tip: DON'T bring gender or race politics onto a video that is supposed to show us how something is made! Just make a separate video on why there is no women printed on money! And stop acting like women and minorities don't have rights, we don't live in the eighteenth century.

  16. Yikes https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/threelly-ai-for-youtube/dfohlnjmjiipcppekkbhbabjbnikkibo

  17. the last part of the video had nothing to do with the video lmao, people really don’t care about what’s on money

  18. "one question remains: why aren't there women on money?"

    …i just wanted to learn about how money was made. not listen to gender politics

  19. If everythings free then no one needs any money.

    Don't bash I'm 11 so if I'm wrong tell me because my parent told me that's not how things work.

  20. What a way to fuck up and video on how money is made click bate at best I don’t want to hear about why women are not on a bill or it’s a white man’s game shut the fuck up

  21. The word money she says she associates with greed and capitalism. So I guess that also makes her greedy and a capitalist since not a soul on earth will hand over their money and without capitalism this country or any country for that matter wouldn't exist, couldn't sell, or produce freely. Capitalism goes back thousands of years, and cities have grown and flourished from such a mindset. I fact, any growing civilization that ever had a socialist mindset, has collapsed or done poorly. Kinda like present day Cuba, N Korea, Venezuela..What are colleges teaching young people? An agenda, or a true education?

  22. It’s funny how ppl are bothered when gender issues are mentioned. The amount of comments that I’ve read with ppl complaining just explains why we need so bad to talk about this. Great vid btw!

  23. 2:38
    "Each design has so much detail it is impossible to copy"

    Me, an intellectual: Puts 100$ bills in the printer

    Government: [Visible Frustration]

  24. Bro I never even thought about they have to inspect every single bit of it if anything is wrong it’s not real anymore

  25. Can y’all shut up about the women shit I’m a women y’all needa stfu the men in the bills did remarkable things yes woman have done remarkable things but y’all a Re so annoying about this shit I just wanted to watch how money was made but you had to talk about your against sexist shit

  26. HOW WE PRINT… For our notes of $5 and above with subtle background colors, offset printing is the first stage of production. The colored background design is duplicated on a film negative, and is transferred to a thin steel printing plate with light-sensitive coating through exposure to ultraviolet light . The background colors are then printed on the BEP's. The ink is then transfer to the ink to the paper as it passes through the blankets. The printed sheets are dried for 72 hours before continuing the next process., 

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  27. Take the presidents off the bills… and y’all didn’t know most of them presidents were condoning war and racism…Now we live in a world ran by paper money

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